Mathematics, the science and study of magnitudes, quantities and their relationship between objects have been around since the beginning of time. Although it may be difficult to point a finger to when math was invented, or who invented mathematics, we can note the significant advances that the discipline has had over the generations. The history of mathematics timeline has developed from primitive counting and accounting operations for purposes of primary homely activities during 3000 BC in Sumer, Akkad and ancient Egypt to basic engineering and abstraction technologies that are being relied on around the world in the 21st Century.
This article will take you through the historical timelines of some of the essential mathematical milestones. Some of the facts may surprise you.
The History of Mathematics Timeline from prehistoric times
Early man is known to have kept account of regular events using the phases of the moon and the seasons. The Sumerian and Babylonians then are noted to have developed a rudimentary model of the abacus that helped them to count and perform basic arithmetic by the 2700 BC. They based their calculations using a sexagesimal numerical system.
Instead of our standard base 10, they used base 60. The Egyptians within the same time are recorded to have already had knowledge of the operation of fractions and even solving basic linear equations. The Berlin Papyrus, a source kept at the Egyptian Museum of Berlin, has evidence that Egyptians could solve second-order quadratic equations by 3000 BC. After these developments, the mathematics then followed exponential advancements. The first step of these rapid advancements came to Greece with Pythagoras.
Most people recognize Pythagoras as the father of mathematics. The developments that Pythagoras made were based on the realization that corresponding geometric elements with numbers achieve a complete system of mathematics. This was a profoundly significant discovery as it laid the basis for solutions to many mathematical problems in the future.
Mathematicians like Euclid of Greece who was the figure behind the theory of ratios and hence the mathematical theory of mirrors and reflection, spherical astronomy, location and geo-positioning based all his studies according to the advances made by Pythagoras. Euclid is known to have worked extensively on the studies of his predecessor. He used that knowledge to develop the famous Euclid axioms and geometric postulates that are being used by mathematicians to date.
Another essential mathematical development came with Archimedes. Archimedes developed a procedure to calculate the area of regular shapes by converting them or enclosing them in shapes that he already understood. For example, he approximated the area of a circle by enclosing it within a hexagon. This is the method that was used in the estimation of the constant commonly known as pie (π).
From this, he developed a way to estimate the volume of a solid-like sphere. The most renowned of his advancement was when he established the means of calculating the volume of an irregular object by immersing it in water. This was later to be known as the Archimedes principle. The other developments came in the 16th Century with Tartaglia, Cardano, and Ferrari. Together they perfected the study of cubic functions enabling us to enjoy the benefits of critical points which are used extensively in rotational motion theory that are essential in mechanical engineering.
The 17th Century saw the logarithm by John Napier and Henry Brigs. The invention of logarithm aided in making complex calculations like exponential functions simpler to perform. The 17th Century also included the iconic mathematician, Isaac Newton. Newton developed infinitesimal calculus. That is what brought about differentiation and integration. Infinitesimal calculus became the pillar for theories in engineering, science, accounting, and even finance. In the same 17th Century Pascal brought to mathematics the theorem of probability.
In the 18th Century, Euler came and advanced on differential and integral calculus, trigonometry and the calculus of variation. The 18th Century was mostly dominated by mathematicians still comprehending the huge advancements made in the 17th Century. The 19th Century had more activity with the likes of Carl Gauss. He started by finding the pattern between prime numbers and went ahead to develop one of the most accepted theories of probability and statistics; the Gaussian distribution function. This theorem helps statisticians predict error margins when dealing with large amounts of data.
Although their advancements cannot be compared to the leaps that the 17th Century or the improvements made by Archimedes or Pythagoras, the 21st Century also has mathematicians that have contributed to the discipline, some of these mathematicians are Cohen, Weil, Turing, Godel, Russel, and Whitehead.
If you are looking for professors who will help you understand the history of mathematics timeline or get mathematics answers to any problem, no matter how complex, you can rest assured that at wagedprofessors.com, you will have it. The principles set by these historical milestones are the solutions that determine the development of every industry in the 21st Century.