Over the years, many fascinating aspects and inventions have been witnessed. Great minds have tried to incorporate the knowledge of physics to explain the diverse phenomena of the earth from the tiniest particles to the humongous equipment used by humans. For centuries, the Nobel Laureates have been commended for their exemplary services based on the discoveries made and attempts in making the world better. Below are some of the physicists who won the Nobel Prize in physics.
The German mechanical engineer and physicist was the first Nobel Prize winner for physics. In 1895, he detected and discovered the electromagnetic radiations in wavelengths. During his investigations, he observed a glow in the room which was emitted by a glass tube which was caused by the mysterious rays. Due to this, the rays are named after him. He was honored the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1901. His discovery heralded the age of modern physics and revolutionized diagnostics such as x-rays machines.
She was a French-Polish physicist and chemist. Being the first woman to not only win the Nobel prize but also receive two Nobel prizes in different fields of science, she was the trailblazer of the research on radioactivity. Marie joined effort with her husband Pierre Curie to advance the discovery made by Professor Henri Becquerel. The two shared the Nobel Prize award in 1903.
He was an Italian electrical engineer and an inventor. He shared the Nobel Prize with his colleague Karl Braun Ferdinand, a German physicist, in 1909 for developing the wireless telegraphy. Marconi continued conducting experiments with the help of wireless telegraphy to form the first competent system of future radio technology.
Albert Einstein, a German theoretical physicist, was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1921 based on his disclosure of the law of the photoelectric effect and his service in theoretical physics. His work is well known for influencing the philosophy of science. His work pioneered the study of nuclear energy which led to the invention of atomic weapons.
He was an American-Italian physicist. He received the award in 1938 for disclosing the artificial radioactive elements produced by irradiation of neutron. He developed the mathematical statistics that helped to clarify the subatomic phenomena and directed the first reined chain reaction, involving nuclear fission, which created the first atomic reactor in the world.
Ernesto Orlando Lawrence was an American nuclear physicist and winner of the 1939 Nobel prize of physics. He is recognized for his invention and development of the cyclotron. The device was useful in accelerating nuclear particles to high velocities to split apart the atoms to form new elements.
Peter Higgs, a British theoretical physicist, was awarded the 2013 Nobel Prize of physics for discovering the mechanism that contributes to our understanding on the origin of subatomic mass particles. This theory is also known as Higgs Boson. He shared the award with the Belgian physicist, François Englert, who proposed the existence of the Higgs field.
Ultimately, the contributions from these great minds and many more have significantly aided in shaping the educational systems and the society at large. For any questions regarding the topic or “help with physics homework”, kindly contact us for further assistance.